Trends in International Mathematics and Sciences Study

(T I M S S )

Development and progress of nations start with the development and updating of the capabilities of their human resources. This can only be achieved by developing and modernizing the quality of teaching and learning which raise standards and keep abreast of modern remedies that help face the challenges of a changing world.

The international study TIMSS covering maths and science is bringing to light a number of qualitative and quantitative indexes that reveal the actual teaching and learning systems in the participating nations in order to keep them under scrutiny and observation, identify areas of weakness, diagnose the reasons and lay out plans for the remedies. We live in a century that poses tremendous scientific and technological challenges in the shadow of the ICT revolution and breath-taking progress in all fields of knowledge, both in theory and practical application.

TIMSS is a study for evaluation of performance levels in maths and science. It is the widest and largest survey on a global scale that enables the gauging of performance and monitors changing trends.

TIMSS is prepared by the International Association for Evaluation of Educational Achievement-IEA. It measures the achievement trends in maths and science among students of grades 4 and 8 of Basic Cycle.

This is done through monitoring the curricula and their application with a view to identify the most promises teaching practices around the world. The study is made in the form of regular sessions, one every four years. Application of the plan began in 1995 and then subsequently, in 1999, 2003, 2007, 2011. Lebanon participated starting 2003 and then in 2007 and 2011.

It is noteworthy that the choice of math and science as targets for achievement evaluation did not come by accident, but was based on valid reasons. These two subjects represent, in all educational systems, the basis for building technologically and scientifically developed communities.